December 1860

President Buchanan’s 1860 Message to Congress

4 Dec – The last annual message of James Buchanan’s presidency acknowledged that North and South were “now arrayed against each other.”

The Incoming Lincoln Administration

5 Dec – President-elect Abraham Lincoln expressed great dissatisfaction with President Buchanan’s message released yesterday. Lincoln disagreed with Buchanan placing responsibility for the sectional crisis on the northern free states.

Compromise Efforts

18 Dec – Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky introduced a complex set of amendments and resolutions designed to end the sectional crisis and ensure the Union remained intact.

The South Carolina Secession

20 Dec – Delegates to the Convention of the People of South Carolina unanimously approved an ordinance to secede from the United States.

The Fort Sumter Controversy

26 Dec – Major Robert Anderson completed the transfer of Federal troops in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina from Fort Moultrie on the shoreline to the stronger Fort Sumter on a harbor shoal.

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