The sectional rift between North and South had escalated from uncertainty to crisis, as six states had left the Union and began seizing Federal arsenals and forts. Desperate attempts to compromise had failed in Congress. Northerners were growing frustrated by the Buchanan administration’s reluctance to stop the secession, while southerners were citing their rights under the Constitution to justify leaving the Union.
1 Feb – Delegates to the Texas State Convention at Austin voted 166 to 7 to secede from the United States.
4 Feb – The Peace Convention called by the Virginia legislature in January assembled at Washington.
8 Feb – Delegates to the Montgomery Convention approved the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States.
9 Feb – The Provisional Confederate Congress assembled in Montgomery, Alabama, and delegates to the Montgomery Convention selected a provisional president and vice president.
11 Feb – President-elect Abraham Lincoln and Mrs. Mary Todd Lincoln left their hometown of Springfield, Illinois on their long journey to Washington, D.C.
16 Feb – Jefferson Davis reached the Confederate capital at Montgomery, Alabama after a five-day journey from his plantation home south of Vicksburg, Mississippi.
18 Feb – Jefferson Davis of Mississippi became the provisional president of the new Confederate States of America.
22 Feb – President-elect Abraham Lincoln secretly left for Washington in response to rumors that Confederate sympathizers planned to assassinate him in Baltimore.
27 Feb – The U.S. House of Representatives considered and defeated various measures seeking to reconcile North and South.
Last Updated: 2/4/2017
Tagged: Abraham Lincoln, Alexander Stephens, Charles Sumner, Clement L. Vallandigham, Confederacy, Confederate Constitution, Confederate Government, Corwin Amendment, Crittenden Compromise, Fort Pickens, Fort Sumter, Francis W. Pickens, James Buchanan, Jefferson Davis, John Tyler, Provisional Confederate Congress, Secession, Thomas Corwin, William H. Seward