The three major Confederate offensives had been stopped: Robert E. Lee’s Confederates were back in Virginia after a failed invasion of Maryland, Braxton Bragg’s Confederates were back in Tennessee after a failed invasion of Kentucky, and Earl Van Dorn’s Confederates had failed to reclaim Corinth, Mississippi. Meanwhile, the Federals were planning offensives of their own.
Moving Toward Battle in Northwestern Arkansas
1 Nov – Federal and Confederate movements ultimately led to a confrontation in northwestern Arkansas.
Grant Begins Moving Against Vicksburg
1 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant experienced various problems while trying to move south toward the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, while a separate Federal force prepared to attack the same city.
The 1862 Federal Elections
4 Nov – Democrats made substantial gains in both the Federal and state elections, which reflected growing dissatisfaction with President Abraham Lincoln’s war policies among northern voters.
Lincoln Removes McClellan
7 Nov – Major General George B. McClellan received orders removing him as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
McClellan Bids Farewell
8 Nov – Major General George B. McClellan formally turned the Army of the Potomac over to Major General Ambrose E. Burnside and bid his troops a sad farewell.
The New Department of the Gulf
8 Nov – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks received orders assigning him “to the command of the Department of the Gulf, including the State of Texas.” Banks would eventually replace the controversial Major General Benjamin F. Butler.
Burnside Begins the Fredericksburg Campaign
9 Nov – Major General Ambrose E. Burnside issued General Order No. 1 assuming command of the Army of the Potomac. He followed this up with a new plan to capture Richmond.
Vicksburg: Grant Takes Holly Springs
13 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant began his drive on the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg, securing an important town for his supply base.
Confederate Strategy and Dissension
14 Nov – Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston found himself at odds with President Jefferson Davis over strategy, and the Confederate secretary of war resigned.
Fredericksburg: The Army of the Potomac Mobilizes
15 Nov – The Army of the Potomac mobilized for its march on Fredericksburg under its new commander, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside.
Last Updated: 11/18/2017
Tagged: Abraham Lincoln, Ambrose E. Burnside, Army of the Potomac, Benjamin F. Butler, Copperheads, Democratic Party, Department of the Gulf, Fredericksburg Campaign, George B. McClellan, Jefferson Davis, Joseph E. Johnston, Nathaniel P. Banks, Ulysses S. Grant, Vicksburg Campaign