The Confederacy was still reeling from recent defeats, but the Federal momentum was beginning to slow. Henry W. Halleck was using extreme caution in the West, and George B. McClellan was stalling in the East. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson’s recent Confederate victories in the Shenandoah Valley helped brighten southern spirits, and the deadly struggle for the Confederate capital had begun.
1 Jun – Fighting resumed at Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, after the Federals had spent the night bringing up reinforcements and strengthening defenses.
2 Jun – The Federal pursuit of Major General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson’s Valley army continued, with the Confederates narrowly escaping two Federal armies converging on them from opposite directions.
2 Jun – Letter from Colonel Daniel Weisiger, 12th Virginia Volunteer Infantry, to his wife after the Battle of Seven Pines.
5 Jun – Confederates abandoned an important garrison on the Mississippi River, opening a path for Federal naval forces to move downstream and threaten Memphis, Tennessee.
6 Jun – After capturing Fort Pillow, the Federal Western Flotilla immediately targeted Memphis, the Confederacy’s fifth largest city, further down the Mississippi River.
7 Jun – Major General Benjamin F. Butler, commanding Federal occupation forces in New Orleans, used dubious legal proceedings to make an example of a citizen for dishonoring the U.S. flag.
7 Jun – Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederate army continued moving south up the Shenandoah Valley and prepared to face two Federal forces approaching from both the east and west.
8 Jun – In Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley, a portion of Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederate army met a Federal advance from the northwest while Jackson faced a separate Federal threat from the northeast.
9 Jun – Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson capped off his remarkable Shenandoah Valley campaign with another victory over the Federals sent to destroy him.
10 Jun – As Major General George B. McClellan’s Federal Army of the Potomac remained relatively idle on the Virginia Peninsula, Confederate General Robert E. Lee sent reinforcements to Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley.
11 Jun – Washington officials informed Major General Henry W. Halleck that President Abraham Lincoln was “greatly delighted” with Halleck’s division of his “Grand Army,” as well as his plan to capture Chattanooga.
13 Jun – Confederate Brigadier General J.E.B. “Jeb” Stuart made a name for himself by conducting a daring reconnaissance mission all the way around Major General George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac.
14 Jun – Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson proclaimed a day of thanksgiving for his army and sent a message to General Robert E. Lee requesting more men so he could invade the North.
15 Jun – Federal Brigadier General Henry W. Benham planned to attack Confederate positions on James Island, south of Charleston Harbor.
16 Jun – Federal forces under Brigadier General Henry W. Benham attacked strong Confederate defenses near the town of Secessionville on James Island, just south of Charleston, South Carolina.
17 Jun – General P.G.T. Beauregard left his Confederate Army of Mississippi due to illness, causing controversy over whether he had gone absent without leave.
18 Jun – Flag Officer David G. Farragut began assembling a Federal naval squadron to run past Vicksburg, one of the last major Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi River.
19 Jun – The Republican Party upheld a campaign pledge to stop the expansion of slavery by banning the institution in U.S. territories.
20 Jun – Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederates headed east to reinforce General Robert E. Lee on the Peninsula, while Federals in the Shenandoah Valley still did not know where Jackson was.
23 Jun – General Braxton Bragg announced that he would lead his new army from Tupelo, Mississippi, into eastern Tennessee to join forces with Major General Edmund Kirby Smith’s Confederates defending Chattanooga.
24 Jun – General Robert E. Lee issued written orders for his new Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to launch an attack on Major General George B. McClellan’s right flank on June 26.
25 Jun – Major General George B. McClellan’s Federal Army of the Potomac tried inching closer to Richmond as Confederate General Robert E. Lee planned to drive the Federals off the Virginia Peninsula.
26 Jun – General Robert E. Lee launched his planned assault on the Federal Army of the Potomac to drive the Federals off the Virginia Peninsula and away from Richmond.
26 Jun – President Abraham Lincoln created a new army intended to do what Major General George B. McClellan could not–destroy the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and capture Richmond.
27 Jun – The third in a series of battles on the Virginia Peninsula occurred at Gaines’s Mill.
28 Jun – The struggle on the Virginia Peninsula continued with sporadic fighting, as Major General George B. McClellan continued withdrawing his Federal Army of the Potomac toward the James River.
29 Jun – General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia attacked the Federal Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula once more, targeting the rear guard as Major General George B. McClellan continued withdrawing.
30 Jun – General Robert E. Lee made another attempt to destroy the Federal Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula, this time attacking at Glendale, Frayser’s Farm, and White Oak Swamp.
Last Updated: 7/1/2017
Tagged: Abolition, Army of Northern Virginia, Army of the Potomac, Army of Virginia, Braxton Bragg, Charleston Harbor, David G. Farragut, Edmund Kirby Smith, George B. McClellan, Henry W. Halleck, Jeb Stuart, John Pope, Joseph E. Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard, Peninsula Campaign, Republican Party, Robert E. Lee, Shenandoah Valley, Slavery, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, Vicksburg Campaign