December 1863

The military advantage had decisively shifted to the North. George G. Meade’s Federal campaign in Virginia had been unsuccessful, but he was still threatening Robert E. Lee. Significant Confederate resistance in Tennessee had been effectively stopped after the Federal victory at Chattanooga. Southern hopes for either military success or foreign recognition were fading.

The bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor continued. James Longstreet gave up his Confederate siege of Knoxville and returned to Virginia. Ulysses S. Grant began planning an invasion of Georgia as a new commander took over the Confederate Army of Tennessee. International tension increased between the U.S. and Great Britain, and northern focus began shifting to the 1864 elections.

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Last Updated: 4/9/2017

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