The massive Federal bombardment on the forts in Charleston Harbor had not forced surrender. William Rosecrans’s Federals were advancing on Chattanooga, and Ambrose Burnside’s Federals were advancing on Knoxville. Northern morale began dropping as it was becoming apparent that the great victories of July would not bring a fast end to the war as had been expected.
Federals in the Trans-Mississippi targeted Little Rock, Arkansas while Federals in eastern Tennessee targeted Knoxville. The Lincoln administration discussed launching an operation on the Texas-Louisiana coasts. Another major Confederate city fell, and the Western Theater’s most terrible battle took place.
Last Updated: 4/9/2017