The hardships of the war were intensifying in the South, but spirits generally remained high. As the major armies were preparing for another battle season, most southerners expressed confidence that Robert E. Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson would keep the Federals away from the Confederate capital at Richmond.
1 Apr – Major General Ulysses S. Grant finally conceded the impossibility of capturing Vicksburg from the north and began devising another, more daring, plan.
2 Apr – A mob of mostly women stormed the business district of the Confederate capital demanding relief from the epidemic of shortages plaguing the Confederacy.
3 Apr – Confederates within Major General D.H. Hill’s military department tried destroying a Federal garrison on the North Carolina coast.
4 Apr – President Abraham Lincoln headed a group leaving Washington to review Major General Joseph Hooker’s revamped Army of the Potomac.
7 Apr – Federal ironclads launched a doomed attack on the Confederate forts guarding Charleston Harbor.
10 Apr – Southerners endured greater hardships than ever before this year, especially west of the Mississippi River. This led to growing unrest and widespread discontent.
11 Apr – Confederate forces under Lieutenant General James Longstreet attacked the Federal garrison at Suffolk, Virginia, south of the James River.
13 Apr – Major General George Stoneman’s new Federal Cavalry Corps left Falmouth to cut the Confederate supply lines preparatory to a main attack on General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.
13 Apr – Calls for peace grew louder in the North, especially among Democrats known as “Copperheads.” The military responded with draconian orders against civilian protest.
14 Apr – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks avoided attacking the Confederate garrison at Port Hudson by instead targeting objectives in western Louisiana.
15 Apr – Major General Ulysses S. Grant assembled his Federal troops at Milliken’s Bend as Rear Admiral David D. Porter prepared to pass the Vicksburg batteries with his Mississippi River Squadron.
16 Apr – Rear Admiral David D. Porter successfully passed the Confederate batteries guarding Vicksburg. This marked a successful start to Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s plan to capture Vicksburg from below.
17 Apr – Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson set out with 1,700 Federal cavalrymen to divert Confederate attention from Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s landing below Vicksburg.
19 Apr – President Abraham Lincoln, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, and General-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck met with Major General Joseph Hooker to discuss a new plan of attack against General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
22 Apr – A fleet of transports and supply vessels tried to duplicate Rear Admiral David D. Porter’s feat of passing the Confederate batteries at Vicksburg and joining the Federal forces downriver.
26 Apr – Major General Joseph Hooker issued marching orders for the Army of the Potomac to begin a new campaign against General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia at Fredericksburg.
27 Apr – Federal troops arrived at Hard Times on the west bank of the Mississippi River. This signaled the successful completion of the first phase of Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s plan to capture Vicksburg.
29 Apr – Major General Ulysses S. Grant needed to find another place to cross the Mississippi River after Confederate defenses at Grand Gulf proved too strong to overcome.
Last Updated: 4/29/2018
Tagged: Abraham Lincoln, Ambrose E. Burnside, Army of Northern Virginia, Army of the Potomac, Benjamin H. Grierson, Copperheads, D.H. Hill, David D. Porter, Edwin M. Stanton, George Stoneman, Henry W. Halleck, James Longstreet, Joseph Hooker, Nathaniel P. Banks, Port Hudson Campaign, Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, Vicksburg Campaign, West Virginia