June 1863

The Federal grip was tightening around Vicksburg and Port Hudson on the Mississippi River. The Confederates had recently lost one of their top commanders, and Robert E. Lee was planning a second northern invasion. The Lincoln administration was under scrutiny for violating civil liberties, and blacks were being recruited by the Federal military.

Residents of Vicksburg continued enduring the hardships of siege warfare. A notable northern newspaper was suppressed by the military, and West Virginia was granted statehood after seceding from Virginia. Both Federal and Confederate governments urged the armies in central Tennessee to move. As Lee’s Confederates moved north, a major Federal command change took place just before the war’s greatest battle.

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Last Updated: 4/9/2017

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