The Federal grip was tightening around Vicksburg and Port Hudson on the Mississippi River. The Confederates had recently lost one of their top commanders, and Robert E. Lee was planning a second northern invasion. The Lincoln administration was under scrutiny for violating civil liberties, and blacks were being recruited by the Federal military.
1 Jun – As the month began, Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals strengthened their grip around the Confederates in Vicksburg by the day.
3 Jun – General Robert E. Lee directed his Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to begin its second invasion of the North.
3 Jun – Major General Ambrose E. Burnside responded to administration criticism of Clement Vallandigham’s arrest and conviction last month by closing the Chicago Times.
5 Jun – Major General Joseph Hooker struggled to learn General Robert E. Lee’s true intentions as the Confederates moved around the Federal right in northern Virginia.
7 Jun – Confederates tried lifting the siege of Vicksburg by preparing to attack the Federal outpost at Milliken’s Bend, on the west bank of the Mississippi River.
8 Jun – Major General Jeb Stuart staged another extravagant Confederate cavalry review while Federal horsemen closed in on him.
9 Jun – Major General Jeb Stuart’s Confederate cavalry narrowly escaped defeat in the largest cavalry battle ever waged in North America.
10 Jun – Major General Joseph Hooker put the Federal Army of the Potomac in motion as General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia approached the Shenandoah Valley.
11 Jun – Exiled Copperhead Clement L. Vallandigham was nominated to run for governor of Ohio, and President Abraham Lincoln issued a response to those protesting his abuse of civil liberties.
12 Jun – Part of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia drove toward Winchester on its way to the Potomac River and the North.
13 Jun – The soldiers and civilians besieged in Vicksburg endured severe hardships as the Confederate high command argued over whether to hold or abandon the city.
14 Jun – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks launched another doomed assault on the Confederate defenses at Port Hudson, Louisiana, but the Federal siege continued.
15 Jun – The vanguard of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia attacked the supposedly impregnable Federal defenses at Winchester, precipitating a Federal disaster.
16 Jun – General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia continued crossing the Potomac River, as Federal cavalry tried uncovering Lee’s plan.
18 Jun – Major General Ulysses S. Grant continued his relentless siege, and he also finally removed one of his troublesome commanders.
20 Jun – Federal and Confederate cavalries dueled as the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia entered Pennsylvania and panic gripped the region.
23 Jun – Confederate Major General Jeb Stuart planned to atone for his near-defeat at Brandy Station, but he disrupted General Robert E. Lee’s campaign in the process.
24 Jun – Major General William S. Rosecrans finally began moving his Federal Army of the Cumberland to oppose General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate Army of the Tennessee at Tullahoma, Tennessee.
25 Jun – Both the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Federal Army of the Potomac were now across the Potomac River and heading north.
27 Jun – President Abraham Lincoln accepted Major General Joseph Hooker’s resignation, daringly replacing an army commander during an enemy invasion.
30 Jun – Cavalry from the Federal Army of the Potomac arrived at Gettysburg from the south, just as infantry from the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia left to the north.
Last Updated: 6/23/2018
Tagged: Abraham Lincoln, Ambrose E. Burnside, Army of Northern Virginia, Army of the Potomac, Braxton Bragg, Clement L. Vallandigham, Copperheads, George G. Meade, Gettysburg Campaign, Jeb Stuart, Joseph Hooker, Nathaniel P. Banks, Pennsylvania Campaign, Port Hudson Campaign, Robert E. Lee, Tullahoma Campaign, Ulysses S. Grant, Vicksburg Campaign, William S. Rosecrans