June 1863

The Federal grip was tightening around Vicksburg and Port Hudson on the Mississippi River. The Confederates had recently lost one of their top commanders, and Robert E. Lee was planning a second northern invasion. The Lincoln administration was under scrutiny for violating civil liberties, and blacks were being recruited by the Federal military.

Vicksburg: The Federal Grip Tightens

1 Jun – As the month began, Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals strengthened their grip around the Confederates in Vicksburg by the day.

Lee Begins Moving North

3 Jun – General Robert E. Lee directed his Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to begin its second invasion of the North.

The Chicago Times Suppression

3 Jun – Major General Ambrose E. Burnside responded to administration criticism of Clement Vallandigham’s arrest and conviction last month by closing the Chicago Times.

Hooker Tries Learning Lee’s Intentions

5 Jun – Major General Joseph Hooker struggled to learn General Robert E. Lee’s true intentions as the Confederates moved around the Federal right in northern Virginia.

The Milliken’s Bend Engagement

7 Jun – Confederates tried lifting the siege of Vicksburg by preparing to attack the Federal outpost at Milliken’s Bend, on the west bank of the Mississippi River.

Battle Looms in Northern Virginia

8 Jun – Major General Jeb Stuart staged another extravagant Confederate cavalry review while Federal horsemen closed in on him.

The Battle of Brandy Station

9 Jun – Major General Jeb Stuart’s Confederate cavalry narrowly escaped defeat in the largest cavalry battle ever waged in North America.

Hooker’s Pursuit Begins

10 Jun – Major General Joseph Hooker put the Federal Army of the Potomac in motion as General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia approached the Shenandoah Valley.

The Vallandigham Affair Continues

11 Jun – Exiled Copperhead Clement L. Vallandigham was nominated to run for governor of Ohio, and President Abraham Lincoln issued a response to those protesting his abuse of civil liberties.

Confederates Threaten Winchester

12 Jun – Part of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia drove toward Winchester on its way to the Potomac River and the North.

Vicksburg: Confederate Hardships Increase

13 Jun – The soldiers and civilians besieged in Vicksburg endured severe hardships as the Confederate high command argued over whether to hold or abandon the city.

The Second Battle of Port Hudson

14 Jun – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks launched another doomed assault on the Confederate defenses at Port Hudson, Louisiana, but the Federal siege continued.

The Second Battle of Winchester

15 Jun – The vanguard of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia attacked the supposedly impregnable Federal defenses at Winchester, precipitating a Federal disaster.

Hooker Pursues Lee in Earnest

16 Jun – General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia continued crossing the Potomac River, as Federal cavalry tried uncovering Lee’s plan.

Vicksburg: Federal Operations

18 Jun – Major General Ulysses S. Grant continued his relentless siege, and he also finally removed one of his troublesome commanders.

Confederates Invade Pennsylvania

20 Jun – Federal and Confederate cavalries dueled as the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia entered Pennsylvania and panic gripped the region.

Jeb Stuart’s Fateful Raid

23 Jun – Confederate Major General Jeb Stuart planned to atone for his near-defeat at Brandy Station, but he disrupted General Robert E. Lee’s campaign in the process.

The Tullahoma Campaign Begins

24 Jun – Major General William S. Rosecrans finally began moving his Federal Army of the Cumberland to oppose General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate Army of the Tennessee at Tullahoma, Tennessee.

The War Leaves Virginia

25 Jun – Both the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Federal Army of the Potomac were now across the Potomac River and heading north.

The Army of the Potomac: Meade Replaces Hooker

27 Jun – President Abraham Lincoln accepted Major General Joseph Hooker’s resignation, daringly replacing an army commander during an enemy invasion.

Armies Converge in Southern Pennsylvania

30 Jun – Cavalry from the Federal Army of the Potomac arrived at Gettysburg from the south, just as infantry from the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia left to the north.

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Last Updated: 6/23/2018

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