In Washington, George McClellan continued organizing his growing Army of the Potomac. President Abraham Lincoln handled a delicate political situation with a popular Federal general. Federal authorities arrested northern citizens and suppressed northern newspapers for “unpatriotic” or “anti-Union” views. Military activity increased in Missouri and Kentucky, and the Federals took firm control of western Virginia.
2 Sep – President Lincoln addressed the delicate issue of Major General John C. Fremont’s August 30 proclamation imposing martial law in Missouri and liberating slaves belonging to Confederate sympathizers.
3 Sep – Kentucky’s neutrality, which had been in question for several months, officially ended when Confederate forces entered the state ahead of the Federals.
6 Sep – Confederate Brigadier General John B. Floyd sent reinforcements to Brigadier General Henry A. Wise but soon realized that he needed them back to defend against an approaching Federal force under Major General William S. Rosecrans.
8 Sep – After six days, Major General John C. Fremont finally responded to President Lincoln’s request to modify clauses in his controversial proclamation.
10 Sep – Federals led by Brigadier General William S. Rosecrans won a minor victory that strengthened their foothold in western Virginia.
11 Sep – Secretary of War Simon Cameron issued orders to Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, commanding Federal forces around Baltimore, to use military force to prevent the Maryland legislature from approving an act of secession.
13 Sep – The Confederacy continued trying to garner support from Great Britain, even if they had to hold the British economy hostage to get it.
15 Sep – While Brigadier General William S. Rosecrans’s Federals operated against Confederates near Carnifex Ferry, another Confederate force to the north targeted Federals stationed on Cheat Mountain.
16 Sep – Federal forces seized an important base for future operations in the Gulf of Mexico.
20 Sep – The pro-secessionist Missouri State Guards captured a Federal force and a strategically important town in northwestern Missouri.
22 Sep – As Major General John C. Fremont continued garnering ill favor with fellow officers and politicians, President Abraham Lincoln wrote to a colleague explaining why he could not support Fremont’s controversial emancipation proclamation.
23 Sep – Despite the recent loss of Lexington and the scattering of his forces, Major General John C. Fremont notified his superiors that his troops were somehow “gathering around the enemy” in Missouri.
24 Sep – Federal Brigadier-General Robert Anderson, hero of Fort Sumter, tried calming tensions in Kentucky, but the state was quickly being torn apart by both sides.
28 Sep – Federals advanced on Munson’s Hill, a few miles southwest of Washington, and discovered that it was not as heavily defended as presumed.
28 Sep – The growing tension between Major General George B. McClellan and General-in-Chief Winfield Scott resulted in a harsh exchange after a conference on military strategy.
30 Sep – Confederates fell back in southwestern Virginia as the long dispute between Confederate Generals John B. Floyd and Henry A. Wise finally came to a bitter end.
Last Updated: 10/12/2018