The Confederate government began seeking foreign recognition and aid. Abraham Lincoln began his presidency, and with the failure of all compromise efforts, his new administration sought more stringent measures to preserve the Union. This included addressing the standoff between state militia and Federal troops at Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor.
President-elect Abraham Lincoln continues preparing for his inauguration while Winfield Scott offers four options on how to deal with the southern secession.
James Buchanan wraps up his term as president and reflects upon his handling of the secession crisis.
Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th U.S. president and prepares to face the sectional crisis head-on.
Abraham Lincoln begins his first full day as president by receiving an ominous message from Robert Anderson at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
Many of Abraham Lincoln’s advisors recommend abandoning Fort Sumter, but Lincoln considers a different course of action.
The Provisional Confederate Congress enacts new laws, including those to bolster national defense and issue national currency.
The Confederacy adopts a permanent Constitution, similar to the U.S. but with key exceptions.
Jefferson Davis works to obtain foreign recognition for the new Confederacy as Federal military officers resign to go South.
Three Confederate commissioners go to Washington to negotiate the peaceful transfer of Fort Sumter from U.S to Confederate hands.
President Lincoln gets advice on what to do about Fort Sumter and decides to send someone there to assess the garrison’s condition.
Sam Houston is deposed as governor of Texas for refusing to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy.
President Lincoln sends agents to Charleston to see if any Unionist sentiment can be found there. He soon learns there cannot.
The upper south and the southwest remain uncommitted to the idea of secession for now.
General Winfield Scott writes a shocking letter recommending the abandonment of not only Fort Sumter but Fort Pickens as well.
President Abraham Lincoln holds a cabinet meeting regarding the situations at Forts Sumter and Pickens, and he comes to a fateful decision.
President Lincoln overrides General Scott’s recommendation by ordering the reinforcement of Fort Pickens at Pensacola.
Last Updated: 4/17/2021