March 1861

The Confederate government began seeking foreign recognition and aid. Abraham Lincoln began his presidency, and with the failure of all compromise efforts, his new administration sought more stringent measures to preserve the Union. This included addressing the standoff between state militia and Federal troops at Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor.

Wayward Sisters Depart in Peace

President-elect Abraham Lincoln continues preparing for his inauguration while Winfield Scott offers four options on how to deal with the southern secession.

A Breakwater Between North and South

James Buchanan wraps up his term as president and reflects upon his handling of the secession crisis.

The Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th U.S. president and prepares to face the sectional crisis head-on.

No Alternative but a Surrender

Abraham Lincoln begins his first full day as president by receiving an ominous message from Robert Anderson at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.

Hostilities Imminent and Inevitable

Many of Abraham Lincoln’s advisors recommend abandoning Fort Sumter, but Lincoln considers a different course of action.

Under God, Our Vindicator

The Provisional Confederate Congress enacts new laws, including those to bolster national defense and issue national currency.

Last Updated: 3/9/2021

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