M25-NOVEMBER 1862

The Confederacy was emboldened by the midterm Federal elections in the North. Confederate commerce raiders continued harassing northern shipping on the high seas, but the Federal naval blockade continued its slow strangulation of the southern economy. The controversial career of the North’s most popular general ended, and the Federals embarked on another major movement in Virginia.

Abraham Lincoln and George B. McClellan | Image Credit: Wikipedia.org

Moving Toward Battle in Northwestern Arkansas

1 Nov – Federal and Confederate movements ultimately led to a confrontation in northwestern Arkansas.

Grant Begins Moving Against Vicksburg

1 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant experienced various problems while trying to move south toward the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, while a separate Federal force prepared to attack the same city.

The 1862 Federal Elections

4 Nov – Democrats made substantial gains in both the Federal and state elections, which reflected growing dissatisfaction with President Abraham Lincoln’s war policies among northern voters.

Lincoln Removes McClellan

7 Nov – Major General George B. McClellan received orders removing him as commander of the Army of the Potomac.

McClellan Bids Farewell

8 Nov – Major General George B. McClellan formally turned the Army of the Potomac over to Major General Ambrose E. Burnside and bid his troops a sad farewell.

The New Department of the Gulf

8 Nov – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks received orders assigning him “to the command of the Department of the Gulf, including the State of Texas.” Banks would eventually replace the controversial Major General Benjamin F. Butler.

Burnside Begins the Fredericksburg Campaign

9 Nov – Major General Ambrose E. Burnside issued General Order No. 1 assuming command of the Army of the Potomac. He followed this up with a new plan to capture Richmond.

Vicksburg: Grant Takes Holly Springs

13 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant began his drive on the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg, securing an important town for his supply base.

Confederate Strategy and Dissension

14 Nov – Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston found himself at odds with President Jefferson Davis over strategy, and the Confederate secretary of war resigned.

Fredericksburg: The Army of the Potomac Mobilizes

15 Nov – The Army of the Potomac mobilized for its march on Fredericksburg under its new commander, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside.

Operations in Middle Tennessee

20 Nov – General Braxton Bragg reorganized his Confederate army in Middle Tennessee, and Federal Major General William S. Rosecrans planned to confront him.

Fredericksburg: Pontoons Delayed

22 Nov – Federal Major General Ambrose E. Burnside continued waiting for his pontoons to arrive, while Lieutenant General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederate corps hurried east from the Shenandoah Valley to reinforce General Robert E. Lee’s army outside Fredericksburg.

The Cane Hill Engagement

28 Nov – Federals led by Brigadier General James G. Blunt attacked Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke’s small Confederate cavalry force in a skirmish in northwestern Arkansas.

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Last Updated: 10/14/2018

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