M28-FEBRUARY 1863

Ulysses S. Grant continued efforts to capture the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg. In Washington, new banking measures were enacted in the absence of southern opposition. In Virginia, the Federal Army of the Potomac was reorganized under its new commander, Joseph Hooker. The Confederacy continued seeking foreign recognition, and another international crisis loomed when a U.S. ship captured a British merchant vessel.

Confederates capture the Queen of the West | Image Credit: Wikipedia.org

Vicksburg: Grant’s Command Confirmed

1 Feb – Major General Ulysses S. Grant finally received confirmation from Washington that Major General John A. McClernand was his subordinate, though Grant did not want McClernand in his army at all.

Naval Operations Between Vicksburg and Port Hudson

2 Feb – Acting Rear Admiral David D. Porter directed Federal naval forces to stop the flow of supplies on the Red River in the continuing Federal effort to capture both Vicksburg and Port Hudson.

The Queen of the West on the Mississippi

3 Feb – The U.S.S. Queen of the West continued down the Mississippi River on her mission to stop the flow of Confederate supplies from the Red River between Vicksburg and Port Hudson.

Hooker Reorganizes the Army of the Potomac

5 Feb – Major General Joseph Hooker worked to reorganize and revitalize the demoralized Federal Army of the Potomac.

Foreign Affairs: Seward Rejects Mediation

6 Feb – Secretary of State William H. Seward unilaterally declined an offer by French Emperor Napoleon III to mediate the conflict between the U.S. and the Confederacy.

The Yazoo Pass Expedition

7 Feb – A Federal army-navy expedition began in an effort to capture Vicksburg by entering Yazoo Pass and approaching the city by water from the north.

Confederate Reorganization in the Trans-Mississippi

9 Feb – Federal forces continued attacking Confederates in Arkansas, and a new commander was named to head the Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department.

The Queen of the West on the Red

12 Feb – The U.S.S. Queen of the West continued raiding Confederate shipping on the Red River before encountering a Confederate naval squadron.

Confederates Confront the Indianola

15 Feb – The steam ram C.S.S. William H. Webb hurried into action after Confederates learned of the Federal attack on Fort Taylor on the Red River, joining a fleet to confront the U.S.S. Indianola.

Federals Shift Their Focus to Charleston

18 Feb – General P.G.T. Beauregard, commanding the Confederate defenses in South Carolina and Georgia, issued a proclamation warning citizens that a Federal attack on either Charleston or Savannah was imminent.

Johnston and the Army of Tennessee

19 Feb – President Jefferson Davis tried one last time to convince General Joseph E. Johnston to take personal command of the Army of Tennessee at Tullahoma.

Confederates Try Salvaging the Indianola

25 Feb – Confederates began trying to salvage the partially sunken U.S.S. Indianola, while the Federals tried stopping them by sending a “gunboat” down the Mississippi River to confront them.

The Cherokee Nation Joins the Union

26 Feb – The National Council of Cherokee Indians approved resolutions repealing its ordinance of secession, renouncing its support for the Confederacy, declaring new support for the U.S., and abolishing slavery in the Cherokee Nation.

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Last Updated: 9/30/2018

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