M37-NOVEMBER 1863

Fort Sumter came under heavy bombardment once more, and southerners worried that the loss of Charleston would destroy the Confederacy. President Abraham Lincoln delivered an historic address at the dedication of a national cemetery. Federals threatened eastern Texas once more. Knoxville fell under Confederate siege, and the long awaited battle for Chattanooga took place.

Lincoln delivering the Gettysburg address | Image Credit: etcjournal.com

Chattanooga: Bragg Weakens His Army

1 Nov – Just as the “cracker line” began resupplying the hungry Federal forces besieged in Chattanooga, General Braxton Bragg weakened his Confederate army by sending part of it to eastern Tennessee.

Banks Targets the Texas Coast

2 Nov – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks embarked on a campaign to conquer eastern Texas by seizing control of the Rio Grande River and the Texas coast.

Gettysburg National Cemetery: Lincoln’s Invitation

2 Nov – President Abraham Lincoln received an invitation to make a “few appropriate remarks” at the dedication of the new Gettysburg National Cemetery.

Longstreet’s Knoxville Campaign Begins

4 Nov – Lieutenant General James Longstreet’s Confederate corps left the Army of Tennessee at Chattanooga to confront Major General Ambrose E. Burnside’s Federal Army of the Ohio at Knoxville.

Northern Virginia: Meade’s New Offensive

5 Nov – Major General George G. Meade’s Federal Army of the Potomac began mobilizing to cross the Rappahannock River and face General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.

Chattanooga: Grant Prepares to Attack

6 Nov – A Confederate deserter informed the Federal high command that General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate Army of Tennessee was vulnerable to attack.

The Droop Mountain Engagement

6 Nov – An engagement occurred as part of Brigadier General William W. Averell’s Federal raid on Confederate supply lines in West Virginia.

The Rappahannock Engagement

7 Nov – Elements of the Federal Army of the Potomac tried crossing the Rappahannock River, while General Robert E. Lee’s Confederates were determined to stop them.

Activity Slows in Northern Virginia

10 Nov – General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia returned to the south side of the Rapidan River, settling into the defensive positions they had left when they began moving against the Federals on October 9.

Charleston: The Federal Bombardment Continues

12 Nov – Federal batteries opened a new bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort had already been reduced to rubble by this time, but the defenders still refused to surrender.

The Campbell’s Station Engagement

16 Nov – Elements of Lieutenant General James Longstreet’s Confederate corps and Major General Ambrose E. Burnside’s Federal Army of the Ohio clashed as both forces raced to get to Knoxville first.

The Siege of Knoxville Begins

17 Nov – Lieutenant General James Longstreet expected to renew the fight at Campbell’s Station, but Major General Ambrose E. Burnside’s Federals had fallen back to Knoxville.

Lincoln Travels to Gettysburg

18 Nov – President Abraham Lincoln boarded a special train to attend the dedication of the new Gettysburg National Cemetery.

The Dedication of Gettysburg National Cemetery

19 Nov – President Abraham Lincoln made a “few appropriate remarks” during the dedication of the new Gettysburg National Cemetery.

Northern Virginia: Meade Looks to Advance

21 Nov – Major General George G. Meade received intelligence that his Federal Army of the Potomac now held a major numerical advantage over General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Meade therefore looked to launch another offensive.

From Henry Curtis, 37th Illinois

21 Nov – Letter from Lt. Henry Curtis of the 37th Illinois Volunteer Infantry stationed at Knoxville.

Breaking Out of Chattanooga

22 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant prepared to fight his way out of Chattanooga as General Braxton Bragg sent more of his Confederate Army of Tennessee away.

The Battle of Chattanooga: Orchard Knob

23 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant began efforts to break his Federals out of Chattanooga by assaulting forward Confederate positions at the base of Missionary Ridge.

The Battle of Chattanooga: Lookout Mountain

24 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals continued their efforts to fight their way out of Chattanooga, including scaling the formidable Lookout Mountain and securing their fragile supply line once and for all.

The Battle of Chattanooga: Missionary Ridge

25 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals finally broke the siege of Chattanooga and nearly broke General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate Army of Tennessee in the process.

The Battle of Chattanooga: Aftermath

26 Nov – Major General Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal victory at Chattanooga opened Georgia to invasion and led to a command change in the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

Northern Virginia: Federals Approach Mine Run

28 Nov – Major General George G. Meade tried launching one more offensive before winter, leading his Federal Army of the Potomac against General Robert E. Lee’s formidable Confederate defenses along Mine Run.

The Battle of Fort Sanders

29 Nov – Lieutenant General James Longstreet’s tentative Confederate siege of Knoxville climaxed with an assault on the nearly invulnerable Federal defenses.

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Last Updated: 12/01/2018

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