The bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor continued. James Longstreet gave up his Confederate siege of Knoxville and returned to Virginia. Ulysses S. Grant began planning an invasion of Georgia as a new commander took over the Confederate Army of Tennessee. Northern focus began shifting to the 1864 elections.
1 Dec – Major General George G. Meade’s Federal Army of the Potomac ended its short-lived campaign in northern Virginia before it ever truly began.
2 Dec – General Braxton Bragg turned the Confederate Army of Tennessee over to Lieutenant General William Hardee, and President Jefferson Davis began looking for a permanent army commander.
2 Dec – Letter from Sgt. Frank Phelps of the 10th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry from Chattanooga.
4 Dec – Major General William T. Sherman’s Federals hurried from Chattanooga to aid the Federals at Knoxville, only to find that they were not in as desperate shape as anticipated.
7 Dec – The fourth session of the First Confederate States Congress opened in Richmond.
8 Dec – The first session of the Thirty-Eighth U.S. Congress assembled in Washington and received President Abraham Lincoln’s annual message.
9 Dec – President Abraham Lincoln outlined a plan to bring the Confederate states back into the Union. This was part of his effort to exacerbate political dissension in the Confederacy while uniting the factions within his own Republican Party.
12 Dec – The Federal Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia returned to their respective camps, as Major General George G. Meade waited to be removed from command.
14 Dec – Lieutenant General James Longstreet’s Confederates attacked a Federal detachment in the hopes of gaining more foraging ground for winter.
16 Dec – President Jefferson Davis decided to appoint a bitter rival to command the demoralized Confederate Army of Tennessee at Dalton, Georgia.
19 Dec – Federal forces were reluctant to hunt down the Confederates in such horrible weather, and Lieutenant General James Longstreet looked to punish subordinates for the failed Knoxville campaign.
22 Dec – A new Confederate force moved into West Virginia to stop Federal raiding in the region, and endured freezing cold in the process.
27 Dec – General Joseph E. Johnston arrived at Dalton, Georgia, to assume command of the demoralized Confederate Army of Tennessee.
29 Dec – Major General William T. Sherman shared his plan to clear the Confederates from Mississippi and its connecting waterways with his close friend Major General Ulysses S. Grant.
30 Dec – Letter from Lt. Col. Aden Cavins of the 97th Indiana Volunteer Infantry to his wife.
The End of 1863
31 Dec –
Last Updated: 12/30/2018