M39-JANUARY 1864

The Confederate economy continued weakening, southern discontent with the Davis administration increased, and a Confederate general made a desperate proposal. Federals launched an expedition on Louisiana’s Red River and battled Indians west of the Mississippi. President Abraham Lincoln began giving more attention to restoring conquered southern states to the Union.

Cleburne Proposes Black Recruitment

2 Jan – Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, one of the best division commanders in the Confederate Army of Tennessee, wrote an extraordinary letter proposing that the Confederacy induct slaves into the military.

Reconsidering the Confederate Partisan Ranger System

7 Jan – Colonel John Singleton Mosby’s Confederate partisan rangers operated in northern Virginia, while calls grew louder among Confederate officers to ban the partisan ranger system.

Davis Demands Confederate Independence

8 Jan – President Jefferson Davis responded to a letter from North Carolina Governor Zebulon Vance urging the Confederate government to try negotiating peace with the U.S. to ease the growing discontent in his state.

Sherman Targets Meridian

10 Jan – Major General William T. Sherman, the new commander of the Federal Army of the Tennessee, arrived at Memphis to discuss his upcoming campaign against Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk’s Confederate Army of Mississippi.

Banks Initiates Reconstruction in Louisiana

11 Jan – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, commanding the Federal Department of the Gulf from New Orleans, issued orders calling for the election of Louisiana state officials and delegates to a convention that would rewrite the Louisiana constitution.

Federals Continue Pressuring Charleston

13 Jan – Rear Admiral John A.B. Dahlgren, commanding the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, recommended that Federal forces use torpedo boats, like the Confederacy’s David, to attack enemy ships and defenses in Charleston Harbor.

Suffering in Eastern Tennessee

15 Jan – Lieutenant General James Longstreet mobilized his Confederate forces as both his men and the Federal troops languished in the harsh winter of mountainous eastern Tennessee.

Confederate Lt Gen James Longstreet | Image Credit: BlogSpot.com

Eastern Tennessee: The Dandridge Engagement

17 Jan – Federals and Confederates moved toward Dandridge to gather much-needed foodstuffs for the hungry troops in the bitter eastern Tennessee winter.

Reconstruction Begins in Arkansas

19 Jan – A legally dubious convention amended the Arkansas constitution to abolish slavery in the state.

Confederates Target New Bern

20 Jan – Confederate commanders looked to take back a key point on the North Carolina coast to better feed their armies.

Reconstruction Gets Under Way in Tennessee

21 Jan – Unionists assembled at Nashville and approved a resolution forming a constitutional convention to restore Tennessee to the Union.

Turmoil in Missouri Continues

22 Jan – The Lincoln administration tried addressing the troubling state of Missouri with a reorganization designed to help both militarily and politically.

Eastern Tennessee: The Sevierville Engagement

26 Jan – Federals and Confederates clashed for two days, resulting in minor victories for both sides in this forbidding region of eastern Tennessee.

Eastern Tennessee: Longstreet Wins and Foster Leaves

28 Jan – The Federals looked to follow up their victory at Fair Gardens, while Major General Ulysses S. Grant looked to replace the Federal commander at Knoxville.

Confederates Forage in West Virginia

31 Jan – Confederate forces scoured the Shenandoah Valley and West Virginia to feed the armies, while Federals in the region began panicking at their presence.

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Last Updated: 1/30/2019

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