Richmond was raided by Federal cavalry. The Lincoln administration continued efforts to reconstruct conquered southern states. Federals resumed efforts to capture eastern Texas, and Confederates prepared for a Federal invasion of Georgia from Chattanooga. Ulysses S. Grant became general-in-chief of all Federal forces, and he began devising an overall military strategy against the Confederacy.
1 Mar – A daring raid on Richmond led by Brigadier General H. Judson Kilpatrick and Colonel Ulric Dahlgren ended when the city proved more heavily defended than expected.
2 Mar – Confederates continued pursuing the Federal raiders led by Colonel Ulric Dahlgren, uncovering controversial documentation in the process.
5 Mar – President Jefferson Davis held a cabinet meeting at Richmond to discuss what measures should be taken in response to the controversial Federal raid on Richmond.
8 Mar – Ulysses S. Grant arrived in Washington to accept his promotion to lieutenant general, making him commander of all Federal armies in the field.
9 Mar – Ulysses S. Grant formally received his commission as lieutenant general and set about taking command of all Federal armies
10 Mar – When Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant received official authority to assume command of all Federal armies, he was already in the field with the Army of the Potomac.
11 Mar – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks and Rear Admiral David D. Porter embarked on the largest army-navy expedition ever conducted west of the Mississippi River in hopes of seizing the vital cotton crop in western Louisiana and eastern Texas.
Red River: The Fall of Fort DeRussy
12 Mar – Federal forces embarking on a campaign to conquer western Louisiana and eastern Texas approached a small Confederate fort on the first leg of their journey up the Red River.
Lincoln’s Reconstruction Efforts
13 Mar – Federal authorities tried implementing President Abraham Lincoln’s “Ten Percent Plan” in many states, including Louisiana, where Lincoln suggested for the first time that black men be given the right to vote.
Red River: Federals Target Alexandria
15 Mar – Federal army-navy forces followed up their capture of Fort DeRussy by continuing up the Red River in Louisiana.
Forrest’s Confederates Enter Kentucky
16 Mar – Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest launched a Confederate cavalry expedition into western Tennessee and Kentucky.
The Grand Federal Military Strategy
17 Mar – Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant met with Major General William T. Sherman at Nashville, where Grant issued his first order since becoming general-in-chief of all Federal armies.
Red River: The Henderson’s Hill Engagement
21 Mar – Portions of the Federal and Confederate armies clashed in Louisiana as the Federals looked to move farther up the Red River from Alexandria.
Reorganizing the Army of the Potomac
23 Mar – Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant took up headquarters with the Army of the Potomac in northern Virginia, which was undergoing a massive reorganization.
Red River: The Federal Two-Pronged Advance Finally Begins
24 Mar – Major General Frederick Steele’s Federals finally began moving out of Little Rock, and Major General Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federals finally reached Alexandria.
Red River: Banks Faces Problems
25 Mar – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks assembled the largest Federal force west of the Mississippi River, but he soon ran into trouble.
The Army of Northern Virginia Awaits Action
26 Mar – Confederate scouts informed General Robert E. Lee that the officers’ wives in the Federal Army of the Potomac were leaving camp, indicating that the Federals were about to mobilize for a new offensive.
The Charleston Riot
28 Mar – Violence erupted between anti-war Democrats and Federal soldiers on furlough in Charleston, Illinois.
Last Updated: 3/11/2019