M42-APRIL 1864

Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federals were confronted by Richard Taylor’s Confederates in Louisiana. Ulysses S. Grant finalized his overall Federal strategy, and the Lincoln administration continued reconstructing the conquered southern states. A controversial engagement took place in western Tennessee, and Jefferson Davis endured a personal tragedy.

Battle of Pleasant Hill | Image Credit: CivilWarDailyGazette.com

Grant Suspends Prisoner Exchange

1 Apr – Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant issued “most emphatic” orders to take no action on agreeing to exchange prisoners of war without further notification. This initiated a grim new war policy.

Red River: Federals Advance from Natchitoches

2 Apr – Federal forces at Natchitoches, Louisiana, looked to continue further up the Red River on the way to their ultimate goal of Shreveport and eastern Texas beyond.

Arkansas: The Elkins’ Ferry Engagement

4 Apr – Major General Frederick Steele’s Federal Army of Arkansas encountered resistance while trying to cross the Little Missouri River en route to their rendezvous point at Shreveport, Louisiana.

Confederates Prepare in Northern Virginia

5 Apr – General Robert E. Lee issued orders preparing his Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to meet the Federal army as soon as it crossed the Rapidan River to attack.

Red River: Federals Detour Toward Mansfield

7 Apr – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federal Army of the Gulf veered away from the Red River, moving inadvertently toward Confederate forces led by Major General Richard Taylor.

The Battle of Mansfield

8 Apr – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federals unexpectedly ran into Confederates under Major General Richard Taylor blocking their path to Shreveport.

The Battle of Pleasant Hill

9 Apr – Major General Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federals made a stand after the previous day’s defeat as Confederates under Major General Richard Taylor sought to drive them out of western Louisiana.

Arkansas: The Prairie d’Ane Engagement

10 Apr – Major General Frederick Steele’s Federal Army of Arkansas clashed with Confederates while trying to move south and join forces with the Federals at Shreveport.

Red River: Porter Struggles to Withdraw

11 Apr – The lowering water level on the Red River became a serious concern for Rear Admiral David D. Porter because it threatened to trap his massive naval squadron in hostile territory.

The Fort Pillow Controversy

12 Apr – Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate cavalry attacked the Federal garrison at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, and a controversy ensued over whether black troops were killed after surrendering.

Red River: Banks Misses His Deadline

15 Apr –

Red River: The Poison Spring Engagement

17 Apr –

North Carolina: Confederates Target Plymouth

19 Apr –

North Carolina: Confederates Reclaim Plymouth

20 Apr –

Red River: Banks Tries Returning to Alexandria

21 Apr –

The Impending Georgia Campaign

24 Apr –

Arkansas: The Marks’ Mill Engagement

25 Apr –

Northern Virginia: The Army of the Potomac is Ready

26 Apr –

Red River: Porter in Grave Danger

27 Apr –

The Virginia Peninsula: The Army of the James

28 Apr –

The Grand Federal Offensive Begins

29 Apr –

Arkansas: The Jenkins’ Ferry Engagement

30 Apr –

Joe Davis Dies

30 Apr –

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Last Updated: 4/13/2019

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