M44-JUNE 1864

Ulysses S. Grant suffered one of his worst defeats but pressed on toward Richmond and Petersburg. William T. Sherman continued pushing into Georgia. In the North, Republicans allied with War Democrats to form a new National Union Party. A legendary Confederate vessel was sunk, and Robert E. Lee sent a Confederate force north in a desperate attempt to relieve pressure on Virginia.

At Cold Harbor – June 1, 1864 | Image Credit: CivilWarDailyGazette.com

Georgia: Sherman Sidesteps Johnston Again

1 Jun – Federal cavalry seized Allatoona Pass in Major General William T. Sherman’s effort to move northeast around General Joseph E. Johnston’s right flank.

Armies Converge on Cold Harbor

2 Jun – The Federal Army of the Potomac missed opportunities to penetrate the defenses of General Robert E. Lee’s Army of the Northern Virginia, but Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ordered one more assault to take place.

The Battle of Cold Harbor

3 Jun – The Federal Army of the Potomac suffered one of its most horrifying defeats at a crossroads just nine miles northeast of Richmond.

The Cold Harbor Aftermath

4 Jun – The Federal Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia glowered at each other after the Battle of Cold Harbor, while the Federal dead festered and the wounded languished on the battlefield.

The Battle of Piedmont

5 Jun – Federals scored a decisive victory over a small Confederate force, which enabled Major General David Hunter to continue his southward march “up” Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley.

Grant Devises a Bold New Strategy

6 Jun – Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant proposed moving the massive Federal Army of the Potomac across the James River, and a Federal opportunity to capture Petersburg was squandered.

The Battle of Trevilian Station

7 Jun – Major General Philip Sheridan’s Federal cavalry launched a raid intended to draw Confederate attention away from the Army of the Potomac’s impending crossing of the James River.

The National Union Convention Assembles

7 Jun – Republicans and some Democrats supporting the war effort gathered at Baltimore’s Front Street Theater on the first day of a convention to decide who would be the presidential and vice presidential candidates in the upcoming national election.

Hunter Terrorizes the Shenandoah Valley

8 Jun – Brigadier General George Crook’s Federals from West Virginia joined forces with Major General David Hunter’s Army of the Shenandoah and prepared to drive southward “up” Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley from Staunton.

The National Union Convention Adjourns

8 Jun – Delegates re-nominated Abraham Lincoln for president as expected, but they opted to replace the current vice president with a Democrat supportive of the war effort.

The Battle of Brice’s Crossroads

10 Jun – Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest scored one of his greatest victories against the Federal effort to stop his Confederates from harassing Major General William T. Sherman’s supply lines.

Grant Crosses the James

12 Jun – The Federal Army of the Potomac began moving to cross the James River below Richmond, while General Robert E. Lee struggled to find where the Federals had gone.

Georgia: Johnston Compacts His Line

14 Jun – Federal forces killed a prominent Confederate commander, General Joseph E. Johnston contracted his Confederate line, and Major General William T. Sherman tried moving southeast around Johnston’s left.

The Second Battle of Petersburg Begins

15 Jun – Federal forces advanced on the vital transportation center of Petersburg, south of Richmond, and missed a prime opportunity to capture the city.

The Second Battle of Petersburg: Day Two

16 Jun – Federals launched renewed attacks on the vital railroad city of Petersburg, while Confederates scrambled to strengthen the defenses outside town.

The Second Battle of Petersburg: Day Three

17 Jun – Federal forces from the Armies of the Potomac and the James launched another assault on Petersburg’s eastern defenses, as General Robert E. Lee was uncharacteristically slow to respond.

The Shenandoah Valley: Hunter Reaches Lynchburg

17 Jun – Major General David Hunter’s Federal Army of West Virginia closed in on the key railroad town of Lynchburg as Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Confederate Army of the Valley arrived to defend it.

The Second Battle of Petersburg: Day Four

18 Jun – Federal forces launched yet another assault on the Petersburg defenses, but by this time General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia was arriving to resist.

The Alabama Battles the Kearsarge

19 Jun – A naval battle off the coast of France resulted in the destruction of the Confederacy’s most feared commerce raider on the high seas.

The Siege of Petersburg Begins

20 Jun – Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, the overall Federal commander, announced to his subordinates, “I have determined to try to envelop Petersburg.”

The Battle of Kolb’s Farm

22 Jun – As Major General William T. Sherman continued advancing through Georgia, Confederates on General Joseph E. Johnston’s left flank attacked a portion of Sherman’s force near Marietta, Georgia.

The Battle of the Weldon Railroad

23 Jun – Fighting broke out clashed as the Federals sought to extend their left flank and cut the railroad south of Petersburg, Virginia.

Petersburg: The Tunneling Expedition Begins

25 Jun – A Federal colonel proposed opening a gap in the Confederate siege lines by digging a tunnel under them and detonating explosives.

The Washington Raid: Early Moves North

26 Jun – Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Confederate Army of the Valley reached Staunton as part of a new offensive intended to clear the Shenandoah Valley of Federals and threaten the North.

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

27 Jun – Major General William T. Sherman’s Federals assaulted Confederates heavily defended on an eminence 15 miles north of Atlanta.

The Battle of Ream’s Station

29 Jun –

The Resignation of Salmon P. Chase

30 Jun –

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Last Updated: 6/28/2019

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