M48-OCTOBER 1864

Politics began dominating northern discourse, as three major candidates were running for president. Democrats fought among themselves, while Abraham Lincoln worked to unite the Radical and conservative Republicans. Fighting intensified in the Shenandoah, and southerners endured misery in Georgia.

“Sheridan’s Ride” | Image Credit: Wikipedia.org

The Battle of Peebles’s Farm: Day Two

1 Oct – Elements of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia prepared to renew their attack on Federals pushing to seize the final supply lines southwest of Petersburg, Virginia.

Davis Urges More Sacrifice

2 Oct – Confederate President Jefferson Davis continued his southern tour this month, as he urged citizens to oppose the Federal invasion of Georgia.

Federals Lay Waste to the Shenandoah Valley

3 Oct – Major General Philip Sheridan directed his Federals to continue laying waste to Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley and exact harsh retribution for the loss of a key aide.

Georgia: Hood Attacks Sherman’s Lifeline

4 Oct – General John Bell Hood directed his Confederate Army of Tennessee to attack the Federal supply lines in hopes of forcing Major General William T. Sherman to come out of Atlanta and give battle.

The Battle of Allatoona

5 Oct – Major General William T. Sherman hurriedly ordered a Federal division to stop General John Bell Hood’s Confederate Army of Tennessee from seizing important supply warehouses north of Atlanta.

Virginia: More Fighting and Prisoner Exchange

6 Oct – General Robert E. Lee discussed prisoner exchanges and made one more effort to take back Fort Harrison, southeast of Richmond.

The Capture of the C.S.S. Florida

7 Oct – The Federal steam sloop U.S.S. Wachusett captured the famed Confederate commerce raider C.S.S. Florida under dubious circumstances that threatened diplomatic relations with Brazil.

Hood Looks to Draw Sherman out of Georgia

9 Oct – General John Bell Hood’s Confederates continued harassing the Federal supply lines in hopes of pulling Major General William T. Sherman’s forces out of Georgia.

Forrest Prepares for a New Raid

10 Oct – Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate cavalry troopers attacked Federal forces on the Tennessee River and prepared to launch a new raid on Federal supply transports in Tennessee.

Mosby’s “Greenback” Raid

12 Oct – Lieutenant Colonel John S. Mosby’s Confederate partisans returned to the Shenandoah Valley and recovered a large sum from a captured train.

Missouri: Price Rushes West

15 Oct – Major General Sterling Price’s Confederates captured several towns while moving through Missouri, but Federal pursuers were closing in on them fast.

Hood Leaves Georgia

17 Oct – General John Bell Hood led his Confederate Army of Tennessee in a desperate attempt to pull the Federals out of Georgia while trying to regain Tennessee and Kentucky for the Confederacy.

The Shenandoah Valley: Early Plans to Attack

18 Oct – Major General Philip Sheridan went to attend a conference in Washington, while Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Confederates prepared to launch a surprise attack on Sheridan’s army.

The Battle of Cedar Creek

19 Oct – Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Confederates launched one more desperate attack against Major General Philip Sheridan’s numerically superior but unsuspecting Federal army in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley.

The St. Albans Raid

19 Oct – Raiders targeted a Vermont town just over the Canadian border in what became the northernmost Confederate attack on Federal soil.

Sherman Stops Pursuing Hood

21 Oct – Major General William T. Sherman’s Federals stopped pursuing General John Bell Hood’s Confederates in Alabama, and Hood announced his intention to force Sherman out of Georgia by targeting Federal supply bases and troops in Tennessee.

Hood’s Tennessee Campaign Begins

22 Oct – General John Bell Hood led his Confederate Army of Tennessee out of Gadsden, Alabama, intending to move north and redeem both Tennessee and Kentucky for the Confederacy.

The Battle of Westport

23 Oct – The largest battle of the Trans-Mississippi took place as Major General Sterling Price’s Confederates took on two Federal forces approaching them from opposite directions.

The Missouri Incursion Ends

25 Oct – Major General Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of Missouri continued its retreat following the Battle of Westport, with Federal forces in close pursuit.

Battles at Fair Oaks and Hatcher’s Run

27 Oct – Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal forces moved to assault both ends of the Confederate siege line stretching from Richmond to Petersburg.

The Sinking of the C.S.S. Albemarle

28 Oct – A young Federal officer led a daring raid to destroy the most dangerous Confederate vessel in North Carolina.

The 1864 Federal Election Campaign

31 Oct – Party unity, statehood for Nevada, and recent military success worked to shift momentum in favor of President Abraham Lincoln’s reelection.

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Last Updated: 11/1/2019

 

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