M49-NOVEMBER 1864

The Federal elections took place as the armies of a major nation voted for their commander-in-chief for the first time in history. Southerners watched with interest; most favored George B. McClellan, but some supported Abraham Lincoln because at least they knew where he stood. Confederate forces launched desperate attacks at various points, including a tragic clash in Tennessee, but the Federal war machine was only growing stronger.

The Battle of Franklin | Image Credit: Wikimedia.org

The Johnsonville Raid

1 Nov – Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate cavalry moved south up the Tennessee River on two captured Federal transports to disrupt Federal river traffic en route to Johnsonville.

Sherman Plans to Leave Atlanta

2 Nov – Major General William T. Sherman prepared to lead his Federal forces southeast from Atlanta to the Atlantic coast, despite General John Bell Hood’s Confederate Army of Tennessee disrupting his supply lines.

From Cyrus Lewis, 1st Missouri Engineers

3 Nov – Letter from Cyrus H. Lewis of the 1st Missouri Engineers to his parents.

Sherman Prepares to March to the Sea

6 Nov – Major General William T. Sherman, having received formal authorization, finalized plans to advance his Federal armies through Georgia, from Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean.

Jefferson Davis’s 1864 Annual Message to Congress

7 Nov – The second session of the Second Confederate Congress assembled and received President Jefferson Davis’s optimistic annual message.

Prelude to the 1864 Federal Elections

7 Nov – By November, most pundits believed that President Abraham Lincoln and his Republican party would win the upcoming elections. However, the Republicans were not taking any chances.

The 1864 Elections

8 Nov – Abraham Lincoln won reelection, thus ensuring that the war to destroy the Confederacy and reunite the Union would continue.

The 1864 Elections: Aftermath

10 Nov – President Abraham Lincoln delivered a speech to serenaders after his reelection was confirmed.

The Shenandoah Valley: Confederates Not Quite Defeated

13 Nov – After being routed at Cedar Creek in October, Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Confederates left the Shenandoah Valley. But some were not yet ready to admit complete defeat.

Sherman’s March to the Sea Begins

15 Nov – Leading elements of Major General William T. Sherman’s Federal armies began moving out of Atlanta, headed southeast toward the Atlantic Ocean.

Sherman’s March Causes Panic

18 Nov – Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown issued a proclamation urging all able-bodied men between the ages of 16 and 55 to form militias and oppose Major General William T. Sherman’s march through the state.

Hood’s Confederates Enter Tennessee

21 Nov – General John Bell Hood finally began moving his Confederate army in a desperate effort to destroy the Federal armies in Tennessee and then continue north into Kentucky and beyond.

Tennessee: Hood Moves to Confront Schofield

22 Nov – General John Bell Hood led his Confederate Army of Tennessee north to confront Major General John Schofield’s Army of the Ohio holding the forward Federal line at Pulaski, Tennessee.

Sherman’s March: The Fall of Milledgeville

23 Nov – Major General William T. Sherman entered the capital of Georgia and saw that his Federals had already begun laying waste to the town.

The Plot to Burn New York

25 Nov – Lieutenant John W. Headley and seven Confederate agents attempted to burn New York City in retaliation for Federal depredations in Atlanta and the Shenandoah Valley.

Sherman’s March Cannot Be Stopped

26 Nov – Major General William T. Sherman’s Federal march through Georgia resumed, as did the destruction and desolation left in the soldiers’ wake.

The Destruction of the C.S.S. Florida

28 Nov – The famed Confederate commerce raider C.S.S. Florida, which had been captured under dubious circumstances in October, suspiciously sank before she could be returned.

Tennessee: The Spring Hill Affair

28 Nov – General John Bell Hood’s Confederate Army of Tennessee stood poised to attack the Federal Army of the Ohio at Columbia, Tennessee. But miscommunication led to an enormous missed opportunity for the Confederates.

Massacre at Sand Creek

29 Nov – U.S. troops slaughtered peaceful Native Americans on their reservation, which paved the way toward permanently banishing Indians from Colorado.

The Battle of Franklin

30 Nov – General John Bell Hood directed his Confederate Army of Tennessee to make a desperate frontal assault on strong Federal defenses south of Nashville.

The Battle of Honey Hill

30 Nov – Federal troops clashed with a makeshift enemy force while trying to prevent the Confederates from reinforcing Savannah.

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Last Updated: 11/30/2019

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