Federals score their greatest victory of the war up to this time, generating a new national hero in the process.
The year closes with southerners optimistic about gaining independence and northerners pessimistic about preserving the Union.
Federal forces suffer another horrific defeat when they are driven off a cliff overlooking the Potomac River at Leesburg, Virginia.
Sterling Price’s Missouri State Guards capture a Federal force and a key commercial town in their effort to expel the Federals from their state.
Letter from Lt. Col. Robert McAllister, 1st New Jersey Infantry, to his friend.
Letter from Sgt. Philip Powers, 1st Virginia Cavalry, to his wife.