In Washington, Congress hurriedly passed several bills to finance the war effort. George McClellan continued organizing the newly formed Army of the Potomac. The Federals captured a key southern port, while Confederates won a major battle in Missouri. A famed Federal general created a political controversy for the Lincoln administration.
John R. Baylor establishes a new territorial government for the Confederacy, and Henry H. Sibley prepares to launch his own Confederate campaign into the Southwest.
George B. McClellan develops a Federal war strategy while complaining that Winfield Scott is standing in his way.
Jefferson Davis responds to allegations that he hindered the Confederate army’s ability to march on Washington after Bull Run.
The U.S. Congress approves legislation to pay for the war, including the first-ever personal income tax.
Abraham Lincoln reluctantly signs a bill into law allowing Federal commanders to seize slaves from people supporting the Confederacy.
Feuding between Henry A. Wise and John B. Floyd greatly diminish Confederate chances of reclaiming the Kanawha Valley in western Virginia.
Simon Cameron clarifies the Lincoln administration’s policy regarding fugitive slaves escaping into Federal military lines.
Opposing forces inadvertently advance upon each other in southwestern Missouri, setting the stage for a battle.
Federals not only suffer a second major defeat within a month, but they lose an army commander as well.
Demoralized Federal troops begin a long retreat out of southwestern Missouri after their defeat at Wilson’s Creek.
George B. McClellan continues organizing his new Army of the Potomac and continues feuding with Winfield Scott.
John B. Floyd ordered Henry A. Wise to join forces with him in western Virginia, but Wise is reluctant to comply.
Both the Federal government and the people in the North step up scrutiny of anti-war sentiment, and constitutional guarantees are threatened.
The recruitment of Federal troops in Kentucky threatens the state’s delicate neutrality.
Representatives of Virginia’s northwestern counties approve seceding from the state and forming the new state of Kanawha.
John B. Floyd advances unopposed in western Virginia and clashes with a Federal regiment separated from the main force.
The first Federal joint army-navy expedition of the war sets out to close one of North Carolina’s busiest ports.
John C. Fremont issues controversial orders imposing martial law throughout Missouri and authorizing the forced emancipation of slaves.
Last Updated: 8/30/2021