Major fighting occurred in northern Virginia. An Indian uprising in Minnesota caused new problems for the Lincoln administration, which faced stronger criticism and an increasingly hostile press. Federal operations were conducted against Vicksburg, Kentucky, and Baton Rouge. An old battlefield became the site for a new Federal disaster.
George B. McClellan is finally ordered to take his Federal Army of the Potomac off the Virginia Peninsula and use it to reinforce the new Federal army to the north
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal army spends August scattered and unable to mount any offensive operations in western Tennessee and northern Mississippi.
Abraham Lincoln orders the drafting of militia into the Federal armies and allows for the recruitment of blacks as military combatants for the first time.
Confederate forces try to retake the Louisiana capital with the help of a mighty but unreliable ironclad.
Braxton Bragg’s Confederates reach Chattanooga, Edmund Kirby Smith’s Confederates prepare to move into Kentucky, and the Federal high command expresses dissatisfaction with Don Carlos Buell’s lack of action.
John Pope sends his Federal army probing southward from northern Virginia, while Robert E. Lee determines that Pope is the main threat to his Confederate army.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederates advance toward Culpeper Court House and confront a Federal force deployed to stop them at Cedar Mountain in northern Virginia.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederates fall back after the Battle of Cedar Mountain as Robert E. Lee prepares to move the rest of his Confederate army up to meet Jackson.
A Federal naval force off the coast of Texas attempts to capture the key port city of Corpus Christi.
George B. McClellan tries one last time to persuade the Federal high command to cancel the order to pull his Army of the Potomac off the Virginia Peninsula.
Last Updated: 8/13/2022