The Confederacy scored its most remarkable military victory, but lost one of its best commanders. Vicksburg and Port Hudson came under Federal siege. The Confederate Congress enacted several new laws, and the U.S. War Department authorized the recruitment of black troops. A prominent northern Democrat was arrested for opposing the war, while Lee embarked on a bold new strategy.
Robert E. Lee rushes to trap the Federal Army of the Potomac in the Wilderness, while Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson proposes one of the most daring maneuvers of the war.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals try pushing inland from the Mississippi River to gain a foothold on the ground south of Vicksburg. Confederates block their advance at Port Gibson.
Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederates attack the unsuspecting Federal right flank, but Jackson is seriously wounded in the aftermath.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal Army of the Tennessee heads east toward the Mississippi capital of Jackson after its victory at Port Gibson. From there, Grant plans to turn west and target the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg.
Robert E. Lee’s Confederates resume their attacks in hopes of cutting off the Federal Army of the Potomac before it can reach the Rappahannock River.
Federals attack the Confederate defenders on Marye’s Heights in a fight reminiscent of the Federal disaster at Fredericksburg last December.
Confederates regain Marye’s Heights outside Fredericksburg, as John Sedgwick’s Federals retreat across the Rappahannock River.
Ulysses S. Grant pauses to unite his Federal Army of the Tennessee before moving northeast toward the Mississippi capital of Jackson. John C. Pemberton gathers all available Confederate forces to block Grant’s path.
Joseph Hooker overrides the majority of his corps commanders and orders that the Federal Army of the Potomac withdraw back across the river, thereby ending the Battle of Chancellorsville in defeat.
The Federal Army of the Potomac retreats across the Rappahannock River, and the troops regroup in their original camps at Falmouth, Virginia.
President Abraham Lincoln and General-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck arrive at Aquia Creek to meet with Major-General Joseph Hooker regarding the Army of the Potomac’s latest defeat.
Former Ohio Congressman Clement L. Vallandigham is arrested and tried by a military court for violating an order prohibiting citizens from speaking out against the war effort. This action inadvertently causes mass protest in the North for violating freedom of speech.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, commanding the Second Corps in the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, dies from complications of gunshot wounds sustained during the Battle of Chancellorsville.
A lone Confederate brigade offers stiff resistance against one of Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal corps near the town of Raymond, Mississippi.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal Army of the Tennessee closes in on the Mississippi capital of Jackson as the two main Confederate forces in the state try to unite to stop the Federals.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals seize the Mississippi capital as part of their roundabout offensive against Vicksburg.
Robert E. Lee attends a strategy conference with President Jefferson Davis and his cabinet at Richmond, where Lee unveils a daring plan to invade the North once more.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals head west from Jackson and take on John C. Pemberton’s Confederates near the halfway point to Vicksburg.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals rout Confederates under John C. Pemberton and send them fleeing into the defenses outside Vicksburg.
Ulysses S. Grant follows up his overwhelming Federal victory on the Big Black River by driving toward Vicksburg, the ultimate goal of his campaign.
President Abraham Lincoln issues orders to banish former Congressman Clement L. Vallandigham to the South for voicing anti-war views that the administration considers dangerous.
Robert E. Lee submits a request to President Jefferson Davis to reorganize his Confederate army before launching his second northern invasion.
Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federal Army of the Gulf finally begins advancing on the Confederate stronghold of Port Hudson, Louisiana, after conducting a series of ancillary operations.
Ulysses S. Grant resolves to send his Federals against the Confederate defenses outside Vicksburg once more.
Men of the Federal Army of the Potomac return to their camps at Falmouth, Virginia, sullen but hopeful after the Chancellorsville defeat. Meanwhile, the generals direct their resentment toward their commander.
Federal army and navy forces initiate a siege of the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, and the Confederate army within the city soon finds itself trapped with no way of resupplying or reinforcing.
Nathaniel P. Banks’s Federal Army of the Gulf surrounds Port Hudson, one of the last Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi River. Banks then orders a assault against strong enemy defenses that proves futile.
Joseph Hooker replaces his cavalry commander, Confederates raid his depot, and Robert E. Lee looks to hurry his planned northern invasion.
Last Updated: 6/3/2023