February 1863

Ulysses S. Grant continued efforts to capture the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg. In Washington, new banking measures were enacted in the absence of southern opposition. In Virginia, the Federal Army of the Potomac was reorganized under its new commander, Joseph Hooker. The Confederacy continued seeking foreign recognition, and another international crisis loomed when a U.S. ship captured a British merchant vessel.

The Right to Command the Expedition

John A. McClernand continues to protest that he should lead the Federal expedition against Vicksburg, while Ulysses S. Grant proceeds to go ahead and lead it himself, despite criticisms from his subordinates.

A Fine Finish to the Sinking Part

Rear-Admiral David D. Porter directs Federal naval forces to stop the flow of supplies on the Red River in the continuing Federal effort to capture both Vicksburg and Port Hudson.

The Queen of the West on the Mississippi

The U.S.S. Queen of the West continues down the Mississippi River on her mission to stop the flow of Confederate supplies from the Red River between Vicksburg and Port Hudson.

Hooker Reorganizes the Army of the Potomac

Joseph Hooker works to reorganize and revitalize the demoralized Federal Army of the Potomac.

Interference in a Family Dispute

U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward unilaterally declines an offer by French Emperor Napoleon III to mediate the conflict between the U.S. and the Confederacy.

Projects Designed to Capture Vicksburg

Ulysses S. Grant initiates several projects designed for the Federals to cut their way toward Vicksburg, Mississippi. The project involving Yazoo Pass becomes the one most likely to succeed.

A Lamentable Record

The Confederate high command reorganizes the Trans-Mississippi Department in the hopes that the recent disasters might somehow be reversed.

Every Explosion Told Worth Fearful Effect

The U.S.S. Queen of the West continues raiding Confederate shipping on the Red River before encountering a Confederate naval squadron.

The Most Humiliating Affair of the Rebellion

The steam ram C.S.S. William H. Webb hurries into action after Confederates learn of the Federal attack on Fort Taylor on the Red River. Her prime target would be the U.S.S. Indianola.

Capturing Charleston is Imperative

General P.G.T. Beauregard, commanding the Confederate defenses in South Carolina and Georgia, issues a proclamation warning citizens that a Federal attack on either Charleston or Savannah is imminent.

The Status Quo in Middle Tennessee

President Jefferson Davis tries to convince General Joseph E. Johnston to take personal command of the Confederate Army of Tennessee at Tullahoma.

Federals Finally Clear Yazoo Pass

A Federal army-navy expeditionary force struggles to get through Yazoo Pass in an effort to get at the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Deluded People, Cave In!

Confederates begin trying to salvage the partially sunken U.S.S. Indianola, while the Federals try stopping them by sending a “gunboat” down the Mississippi River to confront them.

The Peterhoff Affair

A U.S. warship seizes a British merchant vessel in neutral waters, which threatens to cause an international crisis.

The Cherokee Nation Joins the Union

The National Council of Cherokee Indians approves resolutions repealing its ordinance of secession, renouncing its support for the Confederacy, declaring new support for the U.S., and abolishing slavery in the Cherokee Nation.

Last Updated: 3/1/2023

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