Fort Sumter came under heavy bombardment once more, and southerners worried that the loss of Charleston would destroy the Confederacy. President Abraham Lincoln delivered an historic address at the dedication of a national cemetery. Federals threatened eastern Texas once more. Knoxville fell under Confederate siege, and the long awaited battle for Chattanooga took place.
Just as the “cracker line” begins resupplying the hungry Federal forces besieged in Chattanooga, Braxton Bragg weakens his Confederate army by sending part of it to eastern Tennessee.
President Abraham Lincoln receives an invitation to make a “few appropriate remarks” at the dedication of the new Gettysburg National Cemetery.
Elections are held throughout the South that result in victories by more candidates openly opposed to President Jefferson Davis than ever before.
Braxton Bragg weakens his Confederate army outside Chattanooga and Ulysses S. Grant looks to mobilize his Federal forces to capitalize on the weakness.
George G. Meade’s Federal Army of the Potomac begins mobilizing to cross the Rappahannock River and face Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
An engagement occurs as part of William W. Averell’s Federal raid on Confederate supply lines in West Virginia.
Elements of the Federal Army of the Potomac try crossing the Rappahannock River, while Robert E. Lee’s Confederates are determined to stop them.
Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia returns to the south side of the Rapidan River, settling into the defensive positions they had left when they began moving against the Federals in October.
Federal batteries open a new bombardment of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort had already been reduced to rubble by this time, but the defenders still refuse to surrender.
Braxton Bragg continues to reconfigure his weakened Confederate army outside Chattanooga, while Ulysses S. Grant continues gathering Federal reinforcements to break out of Chattanooga.
Ulysses S. Grant consults with his commanders and formulates a plan to break his Federals out of Chattanooga.
Elements of James Longstreet’s Confederate corps and Ambrose E. Burnside’s Federal Army of the Ohio clash as both forces race to get to Knoxville first.
James Longstreet expects to renew the fight at Campbell’s Station, but Ambrose E. Burnside’s Federals fall back to Knoxville.
President Abraham Lincoln boards a special train to attend the dedication of the new Gettysburg National Cemetery.
President Abraham Lincoln makes a “few appropriate remarks” during the dedication of the new Gettysburg National Cemetery.
George G. Meade, after learning that his Federal Army of the Potomac heavily outnumbers Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, looks to launch another offensive in northern Virginia.
Letter from Lt. Henry Curtis of the 37th Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Ulysses S. Grant prepares to fight his way out of Chattanooga as Braxton Bragg sends more of his Confederate Army of Tennessee away.
Ulysses S. Grant begins efforts to break his Federals out of Chattanooga by assaulting forward Confederate positions at the base of Missionary Ridge.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals continue their efforts to fight their way out of Chattanooga, including scaling the formidable Lookout Mountain and securing their fragile supply line once and for all.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federals finally break the siege of Chattanooga and nearly break Braxton Bragg’s Confederate Army of Tennessee in the process.
Ulysses S. Grant’s Federal victory at Chattanooga opens Georgia to invasion and leads to a command change in the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
George G. Meade tries launching one more offensive before winter, leading his Federal Army of the Potomac against General Robert E. Lee’s formidable Confederate defenses along Mine Run in Virginia.
James Longstreet’s tentative Confederate siege of Knoxville climaxes with an assault on the nearly impregnable Federal defenses, while a Federal force is on its way to reinforce the Knoxville defenders.
Last Updated: 11/29/2023