The pro-secessionist Missouri State Guards advance northward and threaten Lexington, a key commercial town on the Missouri River.
Federal forces seize an important base to be used as a staging area for future operations in the Gulf of Mexico.
While Federals threatens Confederates in the Kanawha Valley, another Confederate force to the north targets Federals on Cheat Mountain.
The Unionist Kentucky legislature demands that Confederates leave the state, but Leonidas Polk refuses unless the Federals do the same.
The Confederacy continues working to get support from Great Britain, even at the cost of holding the British economy hostage.
Joseph E. Johnston sends Jefferson Davis an angry letter protesting his ranking among the full Confederate generals. This causes a permanent rift between the two.