Thomas C. Hindman’s Confederates attack Francis J. Herron’s Federals about 12 miles southwest of Fayetteville, Arkansas, sparking a confusing but brutal 12-hour battle.
James G. Blunt’s Federals are isolated in northwestern Arkansas, and the race is on to see whether reinforcements or Confederates can reach him first.
Federals led by James G. Blunt attack John S. Marmaduke’s small Confederate cavalry force in a skirmish in northwestern Arkansas.
A Federal division isolated in northwestern Arkansas becomes prey to Confederates poised to not only wipe the Federals out of the state but to reenter Missouri as well.
Federal forces push from Missouri into northwestern Arkansas, as Confederates in Arkansas are asked to provide support east of the Mississippi River.
Samuel R. Curtis regroups his Federal Army of the Southwest and prepares to counterattack Earl Van Dorn’s Confederates at Pea Ridge and Elkhorn Tavern.