The mid-South states of North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas reject President Lincoln’s call for volunteers and take steps toward joining the Confederacy.
The governor of Missouri asks Jefferson Davis to send him arms while Federals work in secret to secure the vital St. Louis arsenal.
Both Kentucky and Delaware try to stay neutral in the conflict, but Kentucky’s position greatly overshadows tiny Delaware’s.
Virginians react to President Lincoln’s militia proclamation by voting to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
The upper south and the southwest remain uncommitted to the idea of secession for now.
President Lincoln sends agents to Charleston to see if any Unionist sentiment can be found there. He soon learns there cannot.