March 3, 1865 – President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill into law establishing the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, which became known as
February 23, 1865 – Minnesota became the 15th state to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution permanently abolishing slavery. On February 1, the
February 20, 1865 – The Confederate House of Representatives approved a measure allowing for the recruitment of slaves into the military. The “Negro Soldier Law”
February 10, 1865 – President Abraham Lincoln unveiled a new plan for slave emancipation, and members of Congress demanded to know what happened at Hampton Roads.
January 31, 1865 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed a constitutional amendment permanently abolishing slavery in America. The Lincoln administration, led by Secretary of
January 16, 1865 – Major General William T. Sherman issued directives for Federal troops to seize abandoned land along the Atlantic coast and redistribute it