George B. McClellan comes to take personal command of Federals in western Virginia as Confederates try to strengthen their defenses.
Western Virginians gather at a convention and declare themselves to be the lawful, reorganized government of the state of Virginia.
Confederates abandon Harpers Ferry in northwestern Virginia as Federals cautiously prepare to enter that part of the state.
Federal forces win a minor victory in western Virginia and secure the railroad line between Washington and the West.
George B. McClellan orders Federal troops across the Ohio River to begin anticipated incursion into predominantly Unionist western Virginia.
Joseph E. Johnston takes command of Confederates at Harpers Ferry, Va., and soon learns that the place is highly vulnerable to attack.