General-in-Chief George B. McClellan develops a plan of attack and defends his military secrecy to increasingly skeptical politicians and subordinates.
Abraham Lincoln addresses corruption in the War Department by appointing a new secretary determined to wage more aggressive war.
George B. McClellan rejects Abraham Lincoln’s proposal to send the Army of the Potomac into northern Virginia against Centreville and Manassas Junction.
Abraham Lincoln calls upon new General-in-Chief George B. McClellan, who refuses to see him. This symbolizes the evolving relationship between Lincoln and McClellan.
Winfield Scott retires to West Point and George B. McClellan becomes general-in-chief of all Federal armies.
The Federal defeat at Ball’s Bluff outrages northerners, sends the Lincolns into mourning, and increases calls for an “all-out war” against the Confederacy.