Confederate envoys try to garner foreign support as the U.S. State Department warns the foreign powers not to recognize Confederate independence.
Several proposals to keep the Union intact are proposed, but none seem to be popular enough for both North and South to support.
The last annual message of James Buchanan’s presidency acknowledges that North and South are “now arrayed against each other.” He offers suggestions on how to resolve the crisis, but he leaves both sections dissatisfied.
September 5, 1863 – Charles Francis Adams, U.S. minister to Great Britain, threatened war unless the British stopped clandestinely building warships for the Confederacy. Adams
January 1, 1863 – President Abraham Lincoln signed the executive order emancipating all slaves in states and parts of states controlled by the Confederacy. The