Outgoing Democratic Congressman Clement L. Vallandigham of Ohio delivers a speech excoriating President Abraham Lincoln’s war policies and calling for peaceful coexistence with the Confederacy.
After issuing an order freeing all slaves in Confederate states, Abraham Lincoln issues a second order curtailing freedoms for Confederate sympathizers in the northern states.
Commanding the Federal occupation forces in New Orleans, Benjamin F. Butler issues an order that solidifies his infamous reputation among southerners.
Henry W. Halleck issues General Orders as part of his Federal program to suppress alleged disloyalty in Missouri.
Nathaniel P. Banks, commanding Federals around Baltimore, receives orders to use military force to prevent the state from seceding.
Both the Federal government and the people in the North step up scrutiny of anti-war sentiment, and constitutional guarantees are threatened.