Southerners endure greater hardships than ever before, especially west of the Mississippi River. This leads to growing unrest and discontent.
Confederates try to break the tight Federal hold on the coast of North Carolina by targeting the town of Washington.
With the number of prisoners of war quickly growing, Federals and Confederates agree to a tentative system of prisoner exchange.
Confederates attack the Federals on the south side of the Chickahominy River on Virginia’s Peninsula, but poor coordination prevents them from accomplishing their main goal of destroying the enemy.
Confederates scramble to defend the North Carolina coast, including efforts to take back Forts Clark and Hatteras at Hatteras Inlet.
The Confederacy wins the first land battle on Virginia’s Peninsula and stops a Federal drive toward Yorktown and Richmond.