John Pope issues a pretentious address to his new army before embarking on his first campaign in northern Virginia.
The last of a week-long series of battles on the Virginia Peninsula takes place at Malvern Hill, near the James River.
Robert E. Lee launches another attack on the Federal right flank outside Richmond, which forces George B. McClellan to begin planning to withdraw southward to the James River.
Robert E. Lee launches his planned assault on the right flank of the Federal Army of the Potomac outside Richmond, but it does not go as he hoped.
Robert E. Lee issues orders for a Confederate attack on George B. McClellan’s Federals outside Richmond, but McClellan plans an attack of his own.
A small engagement on the Virginia Peninsula secures George B. McClellan’s right flank and increases the Federal threat to Richmond.