The Confederacy wins the first land battle on Virginia’s Peninsula and stops a Federal drive toward Yorktown and Richmond.
Benjamin F. Butler causes another controversy, this time by refusing to return fugitive slaves to their masters. This sets a wartime precedent.
January 1, 1863 – Confederate army and naval elements attacked Federal occupation forces to take back the vital port city of Galveston on the Texas
October 5, 1862 – Federal army-navy forces occupied Galveston, the most important port on the Texas coast. By this month, Rear Admiral David G. Farragut’s