Confederates win a tremendous victory to gain control of most of Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley and make the name “Stonewall” a legend in the South.
Following the Federal defeat at Front Royal in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley, Nathaniel P. Banks retreats and Abraham Lincoln scrambles to send him reinforcements.
John C. Fremont finally gets the order removing him from command of the Federal Army of the West and replacing him with David Hunter.
John C. Fremont touts the recapture of Lexington and Springfield as great victories, but they do little to change the tumultuous military situation in Missouri.
President Lincoln issues orders formally relieving John C. Fremont from command. But getting the orders to Fremont would be another matter.
M. Jeff Thompson leads 3,000 secessionist Missourians in disrupting Federal operations and engaging in several skirmishes in southeastern Missouri.