Ulysses S. Grant begins his drive on the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg by securing an important town for his supply base.
John C. Pemberton takes Confederate command in Mississippi, with his main task being to defend the vital stronghold of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River.
August 9, 1863 – Confederate President Jefferson Davis tried to regroup after the disastrous loss of the Mississippi River. Following the devastating surrenders of Vicksburg
July 4, 1863 – Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton’s Confederates formally surrendered on Independence Day, transferring the mighty stronghold of Vicksburg to Federal hands. Major
July 3, 1863 – The Confederate soldiers and residents under siege in Vicksburg were on the verge of being starved into submission. By this time,
June 13, 1863 – The soldiers and civilians besieged in Vicksburg endured severe hardships as the Confederate high command argued over whether to hold or