Abraham Lincoln reluctantly signs a bill into law allowing Federal commanders to seize slaves from people supporting the Confederacy.
Congress approves a resolution to define the purpose of the Federal war effort.
The U.S. House of Representatives finally approves a compromise measure, but for many it seems too little too late.
The Senate fails to adopt John J. Crittenden’s compromise plan, prompting more last-ditch efforts at conciliation.
Several proposals to keep the Union intact are proposed, but none seem to be popular enough for both North and South to support.
Senator John J. Crittenden introduces a complex program designed to end the sectional crisis and preserve the Union.