Exiled Copperhead Clement L. Vallandigham is nominated to run for governor of Ohio, and President Abraham Lincoln issues a response to those protesting his banishment of Vallandigham out of the U.S.
After issuing an order freeing all slaves in Confederate states, Abraham Lincoln issues a second order curtailing freedoms for Confederate sympathizers in the northern states.
Nathaniel P. Banks, commanding Federals around Baltimore, receives orders to use military force to prevent the state from seceding.
Federal forces arrest a suspected secessionist, prompting a sharp response from the U.S. Chief Justice regarding civil liberties.
President Lincoln issues a proclamation calling on 75,000 volunteers to join their state militias to help force the Confederate states back into the Union.
February 23, 1865 – Minnesota became the 15th state to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution permanently abolishing slavery. On February 1, the