Letter from 2nd Lt. Thomas Lightfoot, 6th Alabama Volunteer Infantry, to his cousin.
George B. McClellan orders Federal troops across the Ohio River to begin anticipated incursion into predominantly Unionist western Virginia.
Federal forces arrest a suspected secessionist, prompting a sharp response from the U.S. Chief Justice regarding civil liberties.
Federal troops cross the Potomac River and seize the strategic town of Alexandria, but it comes at a tragic cost.
The Confederacy turns to a new form of naval warfare, expels the last Federal troops from Texas, and continues its military buildup.
Joseph E. Johnston takes command of Confederates at Harpers Ferry, Va., and soon learns that the place is highly vulnerable to attack.