The pro-secessionist Missouri State Guards advance northward and threaten Lexington, a key commercial town on the Missouri River.
Abraham Lincoln addresses the delicate issue of John C. Fremont’s proclamation imposing martial law in Missouri and freeing slaves belonging to disloyal masters.
Demoralized Federal troops begin a long retreat out of southwestern Missouri after their defeat at Wilson’s Creek.
Federals not only suffer a second major defeat within a month, but they lose an army commander as well.
Opposing forces inadvertently advance upon each other in southwestern Missouri, setting the stage for a battle.
Political turmoil and military maneuvering continue in the bitterly divided state of Missouri.