Confederate commissioner John Slidell and representatives of Emile Erlanger, head of France’s most influential bank, negotiate a loan to the Confederacy for $15 million to help finance the war.
Liable to Perform Military Duty
Abraham Lincoln signs the most controversial bill of his presidency into law, providing for the first national military draft in U.S. history.
Final Legislation of the 37th U.S. Congress
President Abraham Lincoln signs several bills into law that are met with intense opposition from the Democrat minority in Congress.
The Cherokee Nation Joins the Union
The National Council of Cherokee Indians approves resolutions repealing its ordinance of secession, renouncing its support for the Confederacy, declaring new support for the U.S., and abolishing slavery in the Cherokee Nation.
President Davis’s 1863 Message to Congress
President Jefferson Davis submits his message on the state of the Confederacy to the Confederate Congress as it assembles for its third session at Richmond.
Outgoing Democratic Congressman Clement L. Vallandigham of Ohio delivers a speech excoriating President Abraham Lincoln’s war policies and calling for peaceful coexistence with the Confederacy.