Congress approves a resolution to define the purpose of the Federal war effort.
The U.S. Congress defiantly resolves that the defeat at Bull Run will not stop the Federals from achieving ultimate victory.
The U.S. Congress begins debating on how to pay for the war, while the anti-war minority makes its voice heard.
The 37th Congress of the United States assembles in special session as called by President Abraham Lincoln.
Western Virginians gather at a convention and declare themselves to be the lawful, reorganized government of the state of Virginia.
Prominent U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas, a Democrat who supports the Lincoln administration’s war effort, dies at 48.