The second session of the lame duck Thirty-seventh U.S. Congress assembles at Washington and receives President Abraham Lincoln’s second annual message.
George B. McClellan receives orders finally removing him as commander of the Federal army that he had created.
Democrats make substantial gains in both the Federal and state elections, which reflects growing dissatisfaction with Abraham Lincoln’s war policies among northern voters.
George B. McClellan’s Federal Army of the Potomac is finally back in Virginia, but McClellan continues to rail against the Lincoln administration’s perceived unwillingness to give him what he needs to succeed.
The leaders of Great Britain express new reluctance to recognize Confederate independence, and Emperor Napoleon III of France proposes foreign mediation between the two warring factions.
The Federal high command continues prodding George B. McClellan to move his Army of the Potomac into Virginia, but McClellan keeps resisting.