President Lincoln issues orders formally relieving John C. Fremont from command. But getting the orders to Fremont would be another matter.
The Federal defeat at Ball’s Bluff outrages northerners, sends the Lincolns into mourning, and increases calls for an “all-out war” against the Confederacy.
A former U.S. vice president urges his fellow Kentuckians to resist the Federal occupation of their state.
The growing tension between George B. McClellan and Winfield Scott results in a harsh exchange after a conference on military strategy.
Confederates form a defense line across Kentucky while Federals open recruitment efforts, thereby ensuring that turmoil in the state will continue.
The Confederacy continues working to get support from Great Britain, even at the cost of holding the British economy hostage.