President Lincoln decides the time is right for Winfield Scott to retire as general-in-chief, and his replacement should be George B. McClellan.
Confederates reorganize the army forces in northern Virginia while Jefferson Davis takes issue with P.G.T. Beauregard.
Remnants of the popularly elected Missouri legislature gather at Neosho to approve seceding from the Union, even though a Unionist government operated at Jefferson City.
President Lincoln issues orders formally relieving John C. Fremont from command. But getting the orders to Fremont would be another matter.
The Federal defeat at Ball’s Bluff outrages northerners, sends the Lincolns into mourning, and increases calls for an “all-out war” against the Confederacy.
A former U.S. vice president urges his fellow Kentuckians to resist the Federal occupation of their state.